The Biden-Harris administration announced a comprehensive call-to-action today that’s aimed at easing the burden of housing costs and improving the quality of life for renters, including new actions to increase fairness in the rental market and further principles of fair housing.
These actions align with a new Blueprint for a Renters Bill of Rights, which lays out a set of principles like cracking down on predatory background checks and requiring HUD public housing partners to notify tenants of lease termination due to failure to pay at least 30 days in advance. The framework was driven by federal, state and local partners, and the private sector to strengthen tenant protections and encourage rental affordability.
Key actions include:
- The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), both independent agencies, will collect information to identify practices that unfairly prevent applicants and tenants from accessing or staying in housing in order to inform enforcement and policy actions under each agency’s jurisdiction. This is the first time the FTC has issued a request for information exploring unfair practices in the rental market. The two agencies will seek information on a broad range of practices that affect the rental market, including the creation and use of tenant background checks, the use of algorithms in tenant screenings, the provision of adverse action notices by landlords and property management companies, and how an applicant’s source of income factors into housing decisions.
- The CFPB will issue guidance and coordinate enforcement efforts with the FTC to ensure accurate information in the credit reporting system and to hold background check companies accountable for having unreasonable procedures.
- The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), an independent agency, will launch a new public process to examine proposed actions promoting renter protections and limits on egregious rent increases for future investments. FHFA will maintain transparency throughout the process and provide periodic updates, including one within 6 months, to interested stakeholders. As announced in November, the FHFA will also increase affordability in the multifamily rental market by establishing requirements that encourage the financing of multifamily loans that guarantee affordable housing. In 2022, Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae purchased a combined $142 billion in multifamily loans supporting over one million units. If the same activity holds in 2023, this would mean an investment in approximately 700,000 affordable units.
- A U.S. Department of Justice workshop will inform potential guidance updates around anti-competitive information sharing, including in rental markets.
- The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development will publish a notice of proposed rule making that would require public housing authorities and owners of project-based rental assistance properties to provide at least 30 days’ advanced notice before terminating a lease due to nonpayment of rent.
- The administration will hold quarterly meetings with a broad, diverse, and varying group of tenants and tenant advocates to ensure they continue to have a seat at the table and can share ambitious ideas to strengthen tenant protections.
Biden said these new announcements are part of a broader set of federal actions that exemplify the principles laid out in the Blueprint for a Renters Bill of Rights, which underscores key protections every renter deserves:
- Safe, quality, accessible, and affordable housing: Renters should have access to housing that is safe, decent, and affordable.
- Clear and fair leases: Renters should have a clear and fair lease that has defined rental terms, rights, and responsibilities.
- Education, enforcement and enhancement of renter rights: Federal, state, and local governments should do all they can to ensure renters know their rights and to protect renters from unlawful discrimination and exclusion.
- The right to organize: Renters should have the freedom to organize without obstruction or harassment from their housing provider or property manager.
- Eviction prevention, diversion and relief: Renters should be able to access resources that help them avoid eviction, ensure the legal process during an eviction proceeding is fair, and avoid future housing instability.
In addition, the administration is rallying state and local stakeholders and private housing actors to drive further action to protect renters in line with the blueprint. As part of this effort, the administration is launching the Resident-Centered Housing Challenge, a call to action on Wednesday to housing providers and other stakeholders to strengthen practices and make their own independent commitments that improve the quality of life for renters. The Challenge, which will occur during the spring of 2023, also encourages states, local, tribal, and territorial governments to enhance existing policies and develop new ones that promote fairness and transparency in the rental market.
Early commitments in support of the challenge, which would affect over 15 million rental units, include:
- Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority (WHEDA) and Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency (PHFA) have capped annual rental increases to 5 percent per year for federally or state subsidized affordable housing. Beginning in 2023, WHEDA policy applies to existing residents in properties utilizing state or federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits. PHFA applied this policy to their portfolio of 450 properties with PHFA funding in 2022.
- Members of the Stewards of Affordable Housing for the Future (SAHF), which collectively own or manage 145,000 housing units across the U.S., commit to offer flexible payment plans for residents with unpaid rent who have engaged with property management and to provide the following notices and protections where permitted by local law and financing documents: at least 30 days’ notice to vacate for nonpayment of rent; at least 5 days to cure a missed rent payment; and 60 days’ notice to tenants of any proposed sale or closure of a property. SAHF also commits to launching a task force of its members to identify best practices for resident-centered practices and share resources with the field including model policies and procedures, sample notices, and case studies.
- Realtor.com Rentals will pilot a new listing process through their DIY landlord product, Avail, highlighting units and landlords that indicate that they welcome Housing Choice Vouchers. Realtor.com will be able to share this information with its nearly 5 million monthly rentals search visitors. They will also ensure that more than 1.3 million Avail renters have access to their application information so they can submit their application to multiple property owners on the platform without additional cost.
- The National Apartment Association commits to promoting resident programming and practices, such as helping tenants build and improve credit through reporting of positive rent payments to credit bureaus, through their website, industry events and other content channels that reach a network of more over 95,000 members owning and operating more than 11.6 million apartment homes globally.
- The National Association of Realtors and its affiliate, the Institute of Real Estate Management, commit to creating new resources for property managers in their network of 1.5 million members that highlight ways they can incorporate resident-centered property management practices in their businesses. Practices would include a range of examples that have proven effective, such as advertising to prospective residents that Housing Choice Vouchers are accepted at their property, providing information about rental assistance, and using alternative credit scores for applicants without a detailed credit history.
- The National Multifamily Housing Council commits to working with its 2,000 members to identify business standards that align with principles of resident-centered management practices, such as helping residents build credit, providing resource information to residents in financial distress, and communicating these practices through a new resource hub on its website.
The Biden administration stated that it welcomes additional commitments from interested stakeholders to pursue high-road practices aligned with the Blueprint principles; create new benefits for residents that enhance their economic mobility, build credit, and prepare them for homeownership; reduce or eliminating rental “junk fees,” which are the hidden fees, charges, and add-ons that take cash out of people’s pockets; expand pathways to eviction mitigation and prevention; and enhance and increase communication about tenant rights. To join the Challenge, interested partners can complete this survey by April 28, 2023. Questions regarding the White House Resident-Centered Housing Challenge team, can be directed to RCHousingChallenge@who.eop.gov.
Biden pointed out that over a third of the American population – 44 million households – rent their homes. Before the pandemic, well over 2 million eviction filings and roughly 900,000 evictions occurred annually – disproportionately affecting Black women and their children. Since then, rental housing has become less affordable with some landlords taking advantage of market conditions to pursue egregious rent increases.
He said, “Today’s announcements recognize there are responsible housing providers – large and small, national and local – willing to treat renters fairly, but it also holds accountable those who exploit market realities at the cost of renters’ housing access and stability.”
Since taking office, the Biden-Harris administration said it has taken substantial steps to promote fairness in the rental market and ease the burden of rental costs for millions of American renters.
“The administration kept the national eviction moratorium in place until August 2021, which helped to prevent over 1.5 million eviction filings nationwide,” said Biden. “The administration has delivered over 8 million rental or utility assistance payments to reduce renters’ risk of eviction or housing instability through Emergency Rental Assistance programs and provided over $769 million for housing stability services.”
He added: “Last May, the administration released a Housing Supply Action Plan, which set the goal of closing America’s housing supply shortfall in five years. The administration has been making progress advancing a long-term goal of providing housing vouchers to all eligible households: the 2022 and 2023 president’s budgets proposed to expand rental assistance to an additional 200,000 households – and the administration has secured rental assistance to more than 100,000 households through the 2022 and 2033 appropriations bills and the American Rescue Plan. And, last week, HUD published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on its efforts to Affirmatively Further Fair Housing.”
“The Biden administration’s announcement is an important step in the fight to ensure that all Americans have safe, decent, affordable housing,” said Thomas Silverstein, associate director of the Fair Housing & Community Development Project at the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. “It is, however, only a first step, and more concrete action is needed to bring a stop to rent gouging, no-cause evictions and other abusive practices.”
He added, “In the wake of the foreclosure crisis, corporate landlords have moved aggressively to increase their holdings in both the single-family and multifamily sectors. The results of this have been devastating: lost opportunities for low and moderate-income households and Black families, in particular, to build wealth, exorbitant rent increases, and the offloading of basic maintenance responsibilities onto tenants.”
The National Multifamily Housing Council (NMHC) released a statement in response to Biden’s announcement, noting that it has worked in good faith with the administration on its Resident-Centered Housing Challenge and is pleased to join that challenge.
According to NMHC, “While they have rejected calls for failed policies such as national rent control, we are disappointed they are pursuing potentially duplicative and onerous regulations that are already appropriately addressed under state and local law. These efforts will do nothing to address the nation’s housing shortage and could discourage much-needed investments in housing. We continue to urge the administration to prioritize enacting the Housing Supply Action Plan they issued in May. The best renter protection is an abundant supply of housing.”
NMHC reaffirmed its commitment to working with its 2,000 members to identify business standards that align with principles of resident-centered management practices, such as helping residents build credit and providing resource information to residents in financial distress, and communicating these practices through a new resource hub on its website.
“The competitive and professionally managed apartment industry is, by definition, resident-centered,” stated NMHC. “There is no rental housing industry without our residents. We look forward to working with the administration and related federal agencies in finding productive solutions to the nation’s housing affordability crisis.”
The National Apartment Association (NAA), a group of apartment owners and vendors, said in a statement that it was disappointed with the White House’s announcement and feels like the federal government should stay out of the “landlord/tenant relationship.”
NAA, which has a network of over 95,000 members owning and operating more than 11.6 million apartment homes globally, commits to promoting resident programming and practices, such as helping tenants build and improve credit through reporting of positive rent payments to credit bureaus, through their website, industry events and other content channels.
“For months, the National Apartment Association worked with the White House in good faith,” said NAA President & CEO Bob Pinnegar. “We stand by our commitment to promote industry resident services and practices. NAA also made clear the industry’s opposition to expanded federal involvement in the landlord/tenant relationship. Complex housing policy is a state and local issue and the best solutions utilize carrots over sticks.”
Nikitra Bailey, executive vice president of the National Fair Housing Alliance (NFHA), issued the following statement in response to the White House unveiling the Blueprint for a Renters Bill of Rights: “We appreciate the Biden-Harris Administration’s efforts to strengthen tenant rights and to use the full scope of the Fair Housing Act and Violence Against Women Act to protect renters. We are heartened to see the Blueprint outline the need for federal, stat, and local governments to protect against source of income discrimination; solutions to improve the Section 504 program which is essential to supporting housing for people with disabilities; and the need for guidance on the use of tenant screening algorithms that create barriers for renters and may violate the Fair Housing Act.”
She explained, “For too long, our nation’s fair and affordable housing crisis has gone unaddressed, despite calls from the public and fair housing and civil rights advocates. The result has been a deepened affordable housing shortage, the growth of an irresponsible institutional investor landlord industry, rising rental and home sale prices and a population of renters whose incomes have not kept pace with inflation to be able to afford a safe and decent rental home.”
“The Covid-19 pandemic placed in stark terms the inequities baked into our economy and the reverberating effect our nation’s discriminatory housing policies still have today,” said Bailey. “In no time was it more dangerous to be unhoused than during the pandemic. NFHA and our partners fought for rental assistance during the pandemic and succeeded, but the rental assistance has dried up, leaving hardest-hit renters with depleted resources. We look forward to working with the administration to help implement its recent recommendations and hope the forthcoming FY24 budget request reflects the additional capacity Treasury and other agencies need to ensure the greatest compliance with the Fair Housing Act and the LIHTC’s voucher protections.”
She added, “We call on Congress to do its part to pass a national, comprehensive fair and affordable housing plan that addresses the nation’s affordable housing crisis in an equitable manner, including through the passage of source of income protections under the Fair Housing Act. We also urge state and local governments to strengthen renter protections and fully enforce their laws to help ensure that hardest-hit communities are not pushed into homelessness.”